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Born:June 13, 1899Mexico CityMexico...(Show more)Died:August 2, 1978 (aged 79)Mexico CityMexico...(Show more)Notable Works:“Sinfonía India”...(Show more)

Carlos Chávez, in full Carlos Antonio de Padua Chávez y Ramírez, (born June 13, 1899, Mexico City, Mex.—died Aug. 2, 1978, Mexico City), mexican conductor and also composer who music combines facets of timeless folk song and contemporary compositional techniques.

At period 16 Chávez completed Sinfonía, his an initial symphony. The ballet El fuego nuevo (1921; “The brand-new Fire”) to be his first far-ranging work in a mexican style. He traveled in Europe and the unified States, and also in 1928 that founded and also became conductor the the Symphony Orchestra the Mexico. From 1928 to early on 1933 (and again for part of 1934) he to be director the the nationwide conservatory in Mexico.

Chávez’s music is unmistakably mexican in that is melodic patterns and also rhythmic inflections. From indigenous Mexican music he take it the supplies of percussion, simple rhythms, and also old develops of harmony and melody. That was also influenced by modern European and also American composers, especially Igor Stravinsky and also Arnold Schoenberg.

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Among his best-known compositions space two beforehand symphonies, Sinfonía de Antígona (1933) and also Sinfonía India (1935), both one-movement works using aboriginal themes. The Concerto No. 1 because that piano and orchestra (1940) is very percussive. The Toccata for percussion instruments (1942) is scored because that 11 species of percussion instruments, several of them indigenous, play by 6 performers. Chávez’s various other works include the ballet Los cuatro soles (1925; “The four Suns”), Xochipilli Macuilxochitl because that orchestra with aboriginal instruments (1940), the Violin Concerto (1949–50), Discovery for orchestra (1969), and the Trombone Concerto (1975–76). Chávez published numerous essays on mexico music and also Toward a brand-new Music (1937); his Charles Eliot Norton lectures (1958–59) in ~ Harvard university were collected in Musical Thought (1961).