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Robert Edward Lee
Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 - October 12, 1870) to be a career united States army officer, an engineer, and the most commemorated general that the Confederate forces throughout the American civil War.
Lee to be the kid of significant General Henry Lee III "Light equine Harry" (1756 - 1818), branch of Virginia, and his 2nd wife, ann Hill Carter (1773 - 1829). He to be a descendant of teacher Thomas an ext and the King Robert II that Scotland with the Earls that Crawford. A top graduate of West Point, Lee differentiated himself as an exceptional soldier in the U.S. Army for 32 years, during which time he combated in the Mexican-American War.
In early 1861, Lee protest the secession the his home state the Virginia, but rejected president Abraham Lincoln"s offer to command the Union forces. As soon as Virginia seceded native the Union in April 1861, Lee determined to follow his residence state. Lee"s function in the newly created Confederacy to be to serve as a senior military adviser to chairman Jefferson Davis. Lee"s very first field command because that the Confederate states came in June 1862 when he took command of the Confederate forces in the eastern (which Lee self renamed the "Army of northern Virginia").
Lee"s greatest victories were the seven Days Battles, the 2nd Battle of Bull Run, the fight of Fredericksburg and also the fight of Chancellorsville, yet both that his campaigns to attack the North finished in failure. Right escaping loss at the fight of Antietam in 1862, Lee was forced to return to the South. In early July 1863, Lee to be decisively defeated at the battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania. However, due to ineffectual search by the command of Union forces, major General George Meade, Lee escaped again to Virginia.
In the feather of 1864, the brand-new Union commander, Lieutenant general Ulysses S. Grant, started a series of campaigns to wear under Lee"s army. In the Overland campaign of 1864 and also the Siege of Petersburg in 1864 - 1865, Lee inflicted hefty casualties ~ above Grant"s larger army, however was unable to replace his very own losses. In early April 1865, Lee"s depleted forces were turn from their entrenchments near the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, and he began a strategy retreat. Lee"s succeeding surrender at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865 stood for the ns of only one of the continuing to be Confederate field armies, however it to be a psychological blow indigenous which the South could not recover. Through June 1865, every one of the continuing to be Confederate armies had capitulated.
Lee"s victories versus superior forces won him enduring fame as a crafty and daring battlefield tactician, yet some of his strategic decisions, such together invading the phibìc in 1862 and 1863, have been criticized by numerous military historians.
In the last months that the civil War, as manpower to make reservation drained away, Lee embraced a plan to arm slaves to hit on instead of of the Confederacy, however this came also late to adjust the result of the war. ~ Appomattox, Lee discouraged southerly dissenters from starting a guerrilla campaign to proceed the war, and also encouraged reconciliation in between the North and South.
After the war, as a college president, Lee sustained President Andrew Johnson"s routine of Reconstruction and also inter-sectional friendship, if opposing the Radical Republican propose to provide freed slaves the vote and take the poll away native ex-Confederates. The urged them to rethink your position in between the North and also South, and also the reintegration of former Confederates right into the nation"s politics life. Lee became the great Southern hero of the war, and also his popularity thrived in the North too after his fatality in 1870. He remains an iconic figure of American army leadership.
What a cruel thing is war: to separate and destroy families and friends, and mar the purest joys and happiness God has granted us in this world; to fill our hearts with hatred rather of love for our neighbors, and to devastate the fair challenge of this beautiful world.